SPM Form 4 Chemistry Equations List
SPM Form 5 Chemistry Equations List

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Form 4

02 Structure of Atom



03 Chemical Formulae and Equations



04 Periodic Table



05 Chemical Bonds



06 Electrochemistry



07 Acids and Bases


08 Salts


09 Manufactured Substance in Industry




Form 5


01 Rate of Reaction

Revision Notes Videos
  1. Understranding Rate of Reaction
  2. Finding Average Rate of Reaction
    1. Finding Average Rate of Reaction from measurable quantities
    2. Finding Average Rate of Reaction from immeasurable quantities
  3. Analysing Rate of Reaction from Graph
    1. Graph of Product/Reactant Change against Time
    2. Finding the Average Rate of Reaction from a Graph
    3. Finding Instantaneous Rate of Reaction from a Graph
  4. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction
    1. Size of Solid Reactants/Total Surface Area
    2. Concentration of Reactants
    3. Temperature of the Reactant
    4. Presence of Catalyst
    5. Pressure of Gas
  5. Collision Theory
  6. Application of Rate of Reaction
    1. Haber Process (Produce Ammonia)
    2. Contact Process (Produce Sulphuric Acid)
    3. Ostwald Process (Produce Nitric Acid)
  7. Mind Map
  1. Understanding Rate of Reaction
  2. Finding Rate of Reaction (Example)
  3. Finding Average Rate of Reaction from Graph
  4. Finding Instantaneous Rate
  5. Finding Instantaneous Rate (Example)
  6. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction
  7. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction - Size of Particle 
  8. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction - Concentration
  9. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction - Temperature
  10. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction - Catalyst


Exercise

  1. Introduction to Rate of Reaction (4 Questions) 
  2. Reaction Graphs (4 Questions) 
  3. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction (6 Questions) 
  4. Collision Theory (7 Questions)
  5. Numerical Problems Related to Rate of Reaction (5 Questions) 
  6. Applications of Rate of Reaction (4 Questions) 


02 Carbon Compounds

Revision Notes Videos
  1. Carbon Compound
  2. Hydrocarbon
  3. Homologous series
  4. Functional Group
  5. Alkane
    1. Nomenclature
    2. Physical Properties of Alkanes
    3. Chemical Properties of Alkanes
      1. Combustion of Alkanes
      2. Substitution Reaction
  6. Structural Formula
  7. Isomerism
  8. Alkene
    1. Isomerism in Alkenes
    2. Physical properties of the alkenes
    3. Preparing Alkenes
    4. Chemical Properties of Alkenes
      1. Combustion
      2. Addition reaction
      3. Polymerisation
    5. Differences Between Alkane and Alkene
  9. Alcohol
    1. Nomenclature
    2. Isomerism of Alcohol
    3. Physical Properties Alcohol
    4. Preparing Alcohol
    5. Chemical properties
      1. Combustion of Alcohol
      2. Reacting of Alcohols with Sodium
      3. Dehydration of Alcohol
      4. Oxidation of Alcohol
    6. Uses of Alcohols
  10. Carboxylic acid
    1. Nomenclature
    2. Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
    3. Preparing Carboxylic Acids
    4. Chemical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
  11. Esters
  12. Natural Carbon Compounds
    1. Fats and Oils
      1. Saturated and Unsaturated Fats
      2. Palm Oil
    2. Natural Rubber
  13. Mind Map
  1. Alkanes
  2. Alkyl Groups
  3. IUPAC Nomenclature of Alkane
  4. Physical Properties of Alkane
  5. Chemical Properties of Alkane
  6. Alkenes
  7. IUPAC Nomenclature of Alkenes
  8. Physical Properties of Alkenes
  9. Preparing Alkenes
  10. Alcohol
  11. Physical Properties of Alcohol
  12. Preparing Alcohol
  13. Chemical Properties of Alcohol
  14. Oxidation of Alcohol
  15. Uses of Alcohol
  16. Introduction to Carboxylic Acids
  17. Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
  18. Preparing Carboxylic Acids
  19. Chemical Properties of Carboxylic Acids


Exercises

  1. Carbon Compound (6 Questions) 
  2. Homologous Series and Isomerism (6 Questions) 
  3. Alkane (6 Qestions) 
  4. Alkene (7 Questions) 
  5. Alcohol (5 Questions) 
  6. Carboxylic Acid (5 Questions) 
  7. Ester (5 Questions) 
  8. Fat and Rubber (5 Questions) 


03 Oxidation and Reduction

Revision Notes Videos
  1. Oxidation and Reduction in Terms of Oxygen/Hydrogen Transfer
  2. Oxidation and Reduction in Terms of Electron Transfer
  3. Oxidation States (Oxidation Numbers)
    1. Work Out the Unknown Oxidation State of an Element in A Compound
    2. Using Oxidation States in Naming Compounds
  4. Oxidation and Reduction in Term of Changes of Oxidation State
  5. Redox Reaction
  6. Oxidising Agents and Reduction Agents
    1. Commonly Used Oxidising and Reducing Agent and Their Half Equation
    2. Forming Ionic Equation from the Half Equation
  7. Redox Reaction in Aqueous Solution
    1. Change of Iron(II) Ion to Iron(III) Ion
    2. Change of Iron(III) Ion to Iron(II) Ion
    3. Displacement of Metal
    4. Displacement of Halogen
    5. Transfer of Electrons from One Point to Another
      1. Reaction Between Potassium Dichromate(VI) and Potassium Iodide
      2. Reaction Between Iron(II) Sulphate and Bromine Water
  8. Corrosion as a Redox Reaction
    1. Rusting of Iron
    2. Electrochemical Corrosion
    3. Controlling Rusting
  9. Series of Reactivity of Metals
    1. Position of Carbon in The Series of Reactivity of Metals
    2. Position of Hydrogen in The Reactivity Series of Metals
    3. Application of The Reactivity Series of Metals in The Extraction of Metals.
      1. Extraction of Iron
      2. Extraction of Tin
  10. Mind Map
  1. Oxidation and Reduction - Loss or Gain of Oxygen or Hydrogen | Loss or Gain Electron | Change of Oxidation States
  2. Oxidation and Reduction in Term of Changes of Oxidation State
  3. Oxidising Agent & the Half Equation
  4. Redox Reaction - Oxidation of Iron (II) to Iron (III)
  5. Redox Reaction - Reduction of Iron (III) to Iron (II)
  6. Reaction between Chlorine Water and Potassium Bromide Solution | Oxidation and Reduction
  7. The Oxidising Agent and Reducing Agent
  8. Reaction between Potassium Dichromate (VI) and Potassium Iodide  - Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3


Exercises

  1. Fundamental of Oxidation and Reduction (6 Questions) 
  2. Oxidation and Reduction in Term of Change of Oxidation Number (6 Questions) 
  3. Redox Reaction 1 (8 Questions) 
  4. Redox Reaction 2 (6 Questions) 
  5. Corrosion as a Redox Reaction (5 Questions) 


04 Thermochemistry


05 Chemicals for Consumer