Symbol of Elements

A symbol of element is the chemical symbol written in short form to represent a particular element. Some elements are represented by the first letter of its name.

Examples:

Element
Symbol
Element
Symbol
Fluorine
F
Phosphorus
P
Hydrogen
H
Sulphur
S
Iodine
I
Carbon
C
Nitrogen
N
Vanadium
V
Oxygen
O




If there are two or more elements that have mane start with the same alphabet letter, a second letter is added to differentiate between these elements. The second letter used is always lowercase.

Examples:

Elements
Symbol
Elements
Symbol
Bromine
Br
Nickel
Ni
Calcium
Ca
Silicon
Si
Chlorine
Cl
Helium
He
Chromium
Cr
Argon
Ar
Magnesium
Mg
Aluminium
Al
Manganese
Mn
Zinc
Zn
Neon
Ne
Platinum
Pt

Some elements are represented by their Latin names.

Example:
Elements Latin Name Symbol
Copper Cuprum
Cu
Iron Ferrum
Fe
Lead Plumbum
Pb
Mercury Hydrargyrum
Hg
Potassium Kalium
K
Silver Argentum
Ag
Sodium Natrium
Na
Tin Stannum
Sn

(Notes: You MUST Memorise the symbol for all these 31 elements)