Applications of Rate of Reaction

Keeping food in a refrigerator
If food is kept in the fridge, the food will keep longer because the low temperature will slow down the rate of the chemical reaction which destroys food.

Cooking food in a pressure cooker
  1. In a pressure cooker, the high pressure causes the water in the cooker to boil at a temperature of more than 100°C.
  2. At a higher temperature, the time for the food to get cooked is decreased.

Cooking Food in Small Pieces
Food in the shape of big pieces has a surface area per volume which is small, so the heat takes a longer time to reach the inside of the food. So, to cook faster, the food needs to be cut into smaller pieces.

Making Margarine
  1. Vegetable oil is an organic compound that is not saturated and exists in liquid state at room temperature. 
  2. Through investigation and continuous development, vegetable oil can be changed to margarine through the process of hydrogenation using nickel as catalyst at a temperature of 180°C.

Breakdown of Petroleum
  1. Big molecules of hydrocarbon obtained during fractional distillation of petroleum have been found to be less useful than small molecules of hydrocarbon. 
  2. The breakdown process with the use of the catalyst alumina produces smaller hydrocarbons.

Burning of Coal
  1. Coal contains the element carbon. Burning of coal in air that is in excess will produce carbon dioxide, water, and heat energy.
  2. A big piece of coal takes a long time to burn because the total surface area that is touched by the fire is small.
  3. The rate of burning pieces of coal which are small is higher because the total surface area is bigger. With this, it provides a lot of heat energy in a short period of time.