Chemical Properties of Alkanes

  1. Alkanes are chemically less reactive compare to the other carbon compound such as alkene, alcohol or carboxylic acid.
  2. Alkanes do not react with chemicals such as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids and alkalis.
  3. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbon with strong carbon-carbon (C – C) bonds and carbon-hydrogen (C – H) bonds.
  4. All the bonds are single bonds which require a lot of energy to break.
  5. Alkane just only undergo:
    1. Combustion reaction
    2. Substitution reaction (with the presence of ultraviolet light)
Alkanes are chemically less reative because they contain only strong covalent bonds which need a lot of energy to break.


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