Acids / Alkali Indicator


  1. An indicator is a substance or mixture of substances that when added to the solution gives different colours depending on the pH of the solution. Table below shows the colour of indicators in neutral, acidic and alkaline solution.
    Indicator
    colour in acid pH<7
    colour in neutral pH=7
    colour in alkali pH >7
    litmus
    red
    'purple'
    blue
    phenolphthalein
    colourless
    colourless
    pink
    methyl orange
    pinky red
    orange about pH 6
    yellow
    methyl red
    red
    orange
    yellow
    bromothymol blue
    yellow
    green
    blue
  2. The best indicator of all is the universal indicator.
  3. It can be used to show not only whether a substance is acidic or alkaline, but also whether it is a strong acid or a weak acid.
(Colour of indicator at different pH value)


(Litmus paper. The colour of litmus is blue in alkali and red in acid)

(Colour of phenolphthalein in alkali)

(Methyl Orange: The colour of mthyl orange in acidic and alkaline solution. Left: Acidic; Right: Alkaline. This image is shared by Rubashkyn in wikipedia)

(Methyl Red: left: acidic, middle: neutral, right: alkaline. This image is shared by LHcheM in Wikipedia)

(Bromothymol Blue pH indicator dye in an acidic, neutral, and alkaline solution (left to right).)
(A roll of universal indicator paper. This image is shared by Bordercolliez in wikipedia)


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