pH Scale

  1. pH scale is a measure of acidity and alkalinity. Practically, it is numbered between 0 and 14. 
  2. Neutral substance has pH of 7.
  3. A solution of pH less than 7 is acidic The lower the pH, the more acidic the solution or the higher the concentration of H+ ions in the solution.
  4. A solution of pH above 7 is alkaline. The higher the pH, the more alkaline the solution or higher concentration of OH- ions presence in the solution.
  5. The pH of a solution can be measured by using the Universal indicator, pH paper or with a pH-meter.


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