Qualitative Analysis

Identification of Ions

There are 10 cations and 4 anions to be studied in our syllabus:
Cation
Sodium
Na+
Iron (II)
Fe2+
Calcium
Ca2+
Iron (III)
Fe3+
Magnesium
Mg2+
Lead(II)
Pb2+
Aluminium
Al3+
Copper (II)
Cu2+
Zinc
Zn2+
Ammonium
NH4+


Anion
Chloride ion
Cl-
sulphate ion
SO42-
nitrate ion
NO3-
carbonate ion
CO3-

Steps in qualitative analysis


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