- Natural flavourings are derived or extracted from plants, spices, herbs, animals, or microbial fermentations.
- Artificial flavourings are mixtures of synthetic compounds that may be chemically identical to natural flavourings.
- Artificial flavourings are often used in food products because of the high cost, lack of availability, or insufficient potency of natural flavourings.
- Example of commonly used flavouring is esther, which will give fruity smell to food.
- Flavour enhancers are compounds that are added to a food to supplement or enhance its own natural flavour.
- Examples of flavour enhancers are monosodium glutamate (MSG).
- Monosodium glutamate is found in tomatoes, potatoes, mushrooms, and other vegetables and fruits
- A sweetener is a food additive which adds the basic taste of sweetness to a food.
- Sucrose or table sugar is the standard on which the relative sweetness of all other sweeteners is based.
- In addition to saccharin, the most commonly used nonnutritive sweeteners are cyclamates, aspartame, and acesulfame K.